How our soap is made

Our soap making process explained

Our soaps are made from vegetable oils such as neem, palm, coconut, mohua, rice bran oil and coconut oil.
    For our soap, all the vegetable oils needed for the formula are measured out, mixed, then heated.
    During heating, caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) and common salt (sodium chloride) are gradually added and this causes the extraction of the fatty acid that is in the oils.

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    This whole process is repeated three or four more times so that the substance of fine quality vegetable fats is fully extracted from the oil.
    The resulting «fatty acid» is then allowed to cool so that it becomes a solid block.
    The top of the block contains insoluble impurities known as the crust, whilst at the bottom is what is called «nigre» which also contains unwanted impurities and alkaline in the form of caustic soda and salt.
    Sandwiched between top and bottom is what is called «neat» soap and this is the basis for our soap production.
    But even this part of the block includes some alkaline salts and the pH is too high to use on the skin.
    So at this point in the process, a small quantity of fine grade fatty acid in the form of coconut oil extract is added and the substance once again gently heated.
    Coconut oil is the best ingredient for this purpose, and at the same time it is a beneficial oil for the skin.
    Great care is essential at this stage because too much acidity, or too much salt, can both be harmful. The final pH of the soap must be between 9–10.5.
    Our soaps also contain citronella or sandalwood because these have natural antiseptic qualities and are aromatic energizers.
    But over time these oils are liable to disappear or evaporate due to ageing, light, or temperature variations, and for the same reasons the essential base of natural vegetable oils is itself also at risk from becoming unpleasantly rancid.
    To prevent these unwelcome effects, a preservative is included in the form of citric acid and zinc oxide in conformity with European and international standards.
    At the completion of the production cycle, the presence of these minerals is extremely small but soap cannot be made without them.
    Chemical traces in our finished soap are less than two parts per 1,000 of citric acid; less than five parts per 10,000 of sodium hydroxide; and less than one part per 10,000 each of zinc oxide and sodium chloride.
    All soap must be supplied with a list of ingredients, so check ours against the lists that appear on the packs of other soaps. Soap Soap Soap

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